This is a pomegranate or ‘apple with seeds’ (pomum granatum).
It is native to the Tigris- Eurphrates basin and in Iran, Afghanistan, and towards the Himalayas – and also west towards the Mediterranean.
It is mentioned in the Old Testament as the fruit that the scouts brought back to Moses and the Israelites in the desert to prove what a fertile land lay ahead of them – so it has a long history.
I have often wondered at the mouldy remains of the flower head often seen at the terminus of the fruit.
How does the mould not invade the rest of the fruit?